Poverty Alleviation Initiative
The Poverty Alleviation Initiative (PAI) strategy of Vattikuti India Foundation (VIF) has been developed based on the key decisions taken during the thematic workshops and discussions on each of the themes, as below:
The Poor will be defined based on different parameters. The initiative will seek to cover all families classified as extreme poor. India has witnessed the phenomenal growth of Self Help Groups (SHG’s) that comprise poor women both from rural and urban areas. The project design uses people’s organisations to identify poor and the initiative will seek to cover all families classified as extreme poor.
Since the CBO is core to the initiative, it is a partner and not a vehicle for implementation of the project. The program ideology is about addressing needs as prioritized by the communities. The CBO represent the community needs and involvement of CBOs is required so that they become part of program design and implementation. Since CBOs play crucial role in the entire design, their capacities have to be built to deliver expected role.
Financial Inclusion is the process of ensuring access to timely, appropriate, low-cost and adequate financial services to the vulnerable groups such as weaker sections and low income groups. The essence is in trying to ensure that a range of appropriate financial services is available to every individual and enabling them to understand and access those services.
1) ENTITLEMENTS: Poor are entitled for many benefits from the Government. Based on the needs and priorities of each of the households, these entitlements will be ensured.
2) ENTERPRISES: The poor are engaged in many enterprises like Dairy, sheep and goat rearing, managing few poultry birds, petty business like vegetable selling, selling seasonal fruits etc. Many of them also have market linked enterprises like Agarbatti making, beedi rolling. Some may be making artisan products. Some may have smallpiece of land and may be raising crops. Support for enterprise development is provided to poor families for income generation activities.
3) EDUCATION: Education is a future investment for the family. It can ensure that next generation does not continue in the same status, instead has a better future. So providing good “Educational services” to the poor family is a definite of emancipating from poverty. Based on criteria for selection, those needy students and families are provided educational support.
4) EMPLOYMENT: Managing the local demands for employment pilots the employment program out of the realization that there are many young people in rural areas who are educated but have limited resources and information to pursue formal sector jobs. The main targets of this program are rural youth from poor families who are between 18 and 30 years of age. Their education levels vary from having limited ability of just being able to read and write to having diplomas and graduate degrees. Accordingly they require a planned support and interventions to up-grade their employability opportunities.
Poverty is one of the few development aspects which is both a cause and effect of Poor suffer substantive load of health problems and spend the maximum percentage of their income on health and many times families slip into poverty due to ill health. Poor health also affects the ability of the family to earn. The omnibus health program National Rural Health Mission programme has brought up revolutionary ways in achieving better health outcomes and evidence has shown that the community-based ASHA system, the schemes for institutionalised child delivery, ANC care, transportation allowances etc have all been a boon for those able to access these. However, India continues to have some of the worst health outcome particularly faced by the rural poor. Some common health issues continue to be malnutrition and related disorders, TB, Malaria, waterborne and food borne diseases, maternal mortality, under-five childhood preventable diseases, infant mortality and the like. To top this, several pockets of blocks who have particularly poor health outcomes can also be due to specific endemicity like environmental-influenced health issues like fluorosis etc, occupational health issues like asbestosis, emphysema and pneumoconiosis. Geriatric health issues, HIV, diabetes, blindness all go typically uncared for within the ambit of the national health programme.
The Foundation in target areas of work will have preventive and promotive, primary, secondary and palliative care provision.